Canadian Journal of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology

How the Acoustical Environment May Alter Handicap

Author(s) Murray Hodgson, PhD
Volume 18
Number 4
Year 1994
Page(s) 220-222
Language English
Keywords disability
Abstract All human activities take place in an acoustical (or sound) environment. The characteristics of the environment have a direct impact on people and their activities. If the acoustical environment is not optimal, the impact will be detrimental to people with normal hearing, but all the more so to the hard of hearing. A non-optimal acoustical environment reduces the hearing accessibility of the world, increases handicap, and leads to the social discrimination of the hard of hearing. This article reviews ways in which the acoustical environment affects people in their everyday activities. Topics include the relevant characteristics of acoustical environments, the auditory functions impacted, and how these functions are affected by hearing loss. Examples are given of environments and activities, and the problems that non-optimal environments can cause.

Toutes les activités humaines ont lieu dans un environnement acoustique (sonore). Les caractéristiques de l'environnement ont un impact direct sur les gens et leurs activités. Un environnement acoustique non-optimal aura des conséquences négatives sur les gens avec une audition normale, et d'autant plus sur les personnes malentendantes. Il réduit l'accessibilité au monde sonore, augmente le handicap et fait en sorte que les personnes malentendantes subissent une discrimination effective. Cette présentation fait le tour de cette question. Les sujets à être abordés incluent les caractéristiques pertinentes des environnements acoustiques, les fonctions auditives affectées et comment ces fonctions peuvent être affectées par une perte d'audition. Des exemples seront donnés d'environnements et d'activités ainsi que les problèmes qu'un environnement non-optimal peuvent causer.
Record ID 244

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