Canadian Journal of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology

Remediating Speech Production Errors with Sound Identification Training

Author(s) Donald G Jamieson
Susan Rvachew
Volume 16
Number 3
Year 1992
Page(s) 201-210
Language English
Keywords articulation
Abstract This study examined the possibility that speech perception training would be effective in remediating speech production errors for a subgroup of children with functional articulation disorders. Following a pre-treatment assessment of each child's speech perception abilities, a modified fading technique was used to teach each child to identify two synthetically produced fricatives, one corresponding to the target and the other to the substitution error observed in the child's speech. Each child's response to the treatment program was examined using a randomization test, within a single-subject design. Three children with both production and perception difficulties showed significant gains in production following perception training. As expected, perception training did not improve speech production in two other cases: one in which the child showed normal perception ability during pretesting and one where the child showed abnormal perception during the pretest, but failed to learn the perceptual distinction. These results suggest that, for children who have both abnormal perception and production, an appropriately-designed program of perception training can quickly improve speech production.

L'étude examine la possibilité que l'éducation de la perception du langage permette de remédier efficacement aux erreurs de production verbale d'un sous-groupe d'enfants ayant des troubles d'articulation fonctionnels. Après une évaluation avant traitement de la capacité de perception du langage de chaque enfant, une technique modifiée de diminution a été utilisée pour enseigner à l'enfant à identifier deux fricatives produites synthétiquement, dont une correspond à la fricative cible et l'autre à la fricative erronée observée dans le langage de l'enfant. La réponse de chaque enfant au test a été étudiée en utilisant un test hasard, à l'aide d'un modèle pour sujet unique. Trois enfants ayant des troubles de production et de perception ont montré une augmentation significative de la production verbale à la suite de l'éducation de la perception. Tel que prévu, l'éducation de la perception n'a pas amélioré la production verbale dans deux cas: un de ces cas était un enfant qui a montré des aptitudes de perception normales durant les tests préliminaires, mais qui n'a pas réussi à apprendre la distinction de perception. Ces résultats suggèrent que, pour les enfants qui ont une perception et une production anormales, un programme personnalisé sur l'éducation de la perception peut améliorer rapidement la production verbale.
Record ID 345

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