Canadian Journal of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology

Internet Usage and Loneliness in Older Hearing Aid Wearers

Author(s) Andrea Simpson, Editor
Sandy Clarke
Bojana Šarkić
Judith Bonnie Smullen
Caitlyn Jayne Pereira
Volume 42
Number 1
Year 2018
Page(s) 69-79
Language English
Category Research Article
Keywords Deaf
Hearing Aid
Hearing Loss
Abstract This cross-sectional study examined the relationship between self-reported loneliness and Internet
use in hearing aid wearers aged 65 years and over. Sixty-five participants completed the Global
Internet Usage and Internet Activities survey (Landers & Lounsbury, 2006) as well as the UCLA
Loneliness Scale (Russell, 1996). Results revealed that mean self-reported loneliness was correlated
significantly with relationship and self-reported health status. Persons who self-reported they were
healthy and in relationships used the Internet more frequently and self-reported to be less lonely
than those that were single or with poor health. Results were interpreted to suggest that the hearing
aid wearers that might benefit the most from social interaction through the Internet were also the
ones that were less likely to use the Internet. We concluded that social interactions through the
Internet may help reduce the social isolation of older adults with hearing loss.

Cette étude transversale a examiné la relation entre la solitude, telle que rapportée par le participant,
et l’utilisation d’Internet chez des personnes âgées de 65 ans et plus portant des appareils auditifs.
Soixante-cinq participants ont complété le Global Internet Usage Scale (Landers et Lounsbury,
2006), le Internet Activities Measure (Landers et Lounsbury, 2006) et l’UCLA Loneliness Scale
(Russell, 1996). Les résultats ont montré une corrélation significative entre la moyenne du score
de solitude et le statut de couple, ainsi qu’entre la moyenne du score de solitude et l’état de santé
rapporté par le participant. Les personnes qui ont déclaré es être en bonne santé ou être en couple
utilisaient l’Internet plus fréquemment et se disaient moins seules que les personnes qui ont déclaré
es être célibataires ou avoir une moins bonne santé. Les résultats ont été interprétés pour suggérer
que les personnes portant des appareils auditifs qui pourraient bénéficier le plus de l’interaction
sociale par le biais d’Internet étaient également celles qui étaient le moins susceptibles d’utiliser
Internet. Nous avons donc conclu que les interactions sociales par le biais d’Internet pourraient aider à
réduire l’isolement social des personnes âgées ayant des pertes auditives.
Record ID 1227

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