Canadian Journal of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology

Dynamic Assessment of Narratives with Grade 3 Children in a First Nations Community

Author(s) Kendra Kramer
Patricia Mallett
Phyllis Schneider
Denyse Hayward
Volume 33
Number 3
Year 2009
Page(s) 119-128
Language English
Keywords dynamic
Abstract Diagnostic accuracy of the Dynamic Assessment and Intervention tool (DAI; Miller, Gillam & Peña, 2001) was examined with 17 Grade 3 children belonging to a First Nations community who were classifi ed either as normal language learners (NLL) or as having possible language learning diffi culties. The DAI was designed to provide a culturally sensitive evaluation of language learning abilities. Results showed that both groups benefi ted from direct teaching of specifi c targets, but children in the NLL category benefi ted to a greater extent and generalized more often to targets not directly addressed. A discriminant analysis resulted in high specifi city and sensitivity. These results suggest that the DAI is a useful diagnostic tool for identifying children with language learning diffi culties in this population.

Nous avons examiné l’exactitude du diagnostic de l’outil d’évaluation dynamique et d’intervention (Dynamic Assessment and Intervention [DAI]; Miller, Gillam et Peña, 2001) auprès de 17 enfants de 3e année appartenant à une communauté des Premières Nations qui ont été classés comme étant des apprenants normaux d’une langue ou comme ayant d’éventuelles diffi cultés d’apprentissage d’une langue. Le DAI a été conçu pour offrir une évaluation des capacités d’apprentissage d’une langue en tenant compte de la culture. Les résultats montrent que les deux groupes ont bénéfi cié d’un enseignement direct de cibles précises, mais les enfants de la catégorie normale en ont profi té davantage et ont eu tendance à plus appliquer les apprentissages à des cibles non testées directement. Une analyse discriminante a révélé une grande spécifi cité et une grande sensibilité de l’outil. Ces résultats donnent à penser que le DAI est un outil diagnostique utile pour repérer les enfants ayant des diffi cultés d’apprentissage au sein de cette population.
Record ID 983
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