Canadian Journal of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology

Effects of Prompting on Spontaneous Naming of Pictures by Aphasic Subjects

Author(s) Robert H. Brookshire
Volume 1
Number 5
Year 1975
Page(s) 63-71
Language English
Abstract Dans une serie d'épreuves, des malades aphasiques ont essayé de nommer des images d'objets communs. Les images tombaient dans trois catégories: images d'enseignment, images d'épreuve, et images de généralisation. Au cours du traitement expérimental, si un sujet n'arrivait pas à nommer une imagee d'ensiegnement, on lui soufflait le mot qui'il cherchait. Les images d'épreuve figuraient parmi les images d'entertainment, mais ne permettaient aucun soufflement. Les images de généralisation étaient présentées aprés le traitement expérimental. Les résultats démontrent que les soufflements ont un léger effet en facilitant aux sujets aphasiques l'identification spontanée des objets en question. Cet effet ne parait pas se généraliser aux objets non soufflés. Les résultats suggérent qu-il est inutile de passer beaucoup de temps clinique à souffler dans l'espoir de faciliter l'identification généralisée spontanée.

Aphasic patients were given a series of trials in which they attempted to name pictures of common objects. Pictures were divided into three catergories; Training pictures, Probe Pictures, and Generalization pictures. During the experimental treatment, if a sobject failed to name a Training Picture, he was prompted, i.e., the clinician said the word and the patient repeated it. Probe Pictures were presented intermixed with Training Pictures, but received no prompting. Generalization Pictures were presented after the experiemntal treatment. Results demonstrate that prompting has a slight facilitiating effect on spontaneous naming of prompted items by asphasic subjects. This effect apparently does not generalize to unprompted items. The results suggest that extensive clinical time spent in prompting in an attempt to facilitate generalized spontaneous naming is not appropriate.
Record ID 874
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