Canadian Journal of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology

Speech Clinicians' and the General Public's Perceptions of Self and Stutters

Author(s) Joseph Kalinowski
Joy Armson
Andrew Stuart
Jay W Lerman
Volume 17
Number 2
Year 1993
Page(s) 79-85
Language English
Keywords stutterer
Abstract Similarities and differences between perceptions of self and perceptions of stutterers held by speech-language clinicians and members of the general public were examined with a modified version of a 25-item semantic differential test instrument. Results showed that clinicians and the general public held similar perceptions of self and negative perceptions of a hypothetical adult male stutterer relative to self. For example, when compared to themselves, members of both groups perceived stutterers as being guarded, withdrawn, tense, shy, anxious, afraid, reticent, and introverted. It is hypothesized that the negative stuttering stereotype may reflect an individual's cognitive and affective reactions to the physical act of stuttering. In addition, for the speech-language clinicians, it is suggested that the negative stereotype is related to stutterers' difficulty in maintaining long-term amelioration of the disorder following symptomatic therapy.

Les ressemblances et les différences entre la perception de soi des personnes bègues et la perception qu'ont d'elles les orthophonistes cliniciens et le grand public ont été étudiées au moyen d'un instrument de différenciation sémantique. Les résultats ont révélé que les cliniciens et le grand public ont une perception de soi semblable et une perception négative d'une personne bègue typique de sexe masculin par rapport à eux-mêmes. Par exemple, les membres de ces deux groupes ont jugé que, comparativement à eux, les personnes bègues étaient réservées, renfermées, tendues, timides, angoissées, craintives, réticentes et introverties. On suppose que ce stéréotype négatif à l'egard du bégaiement peut témoigner des réactions cognitives et affectives de la personne à l'acte du bégaiement. En outre, dans le cas des orthophonistes cliniciens, on suggère que ce stéréotype négatif est relié au fait que les personnes bègues ont de la difficulté à maintenir pendant une longue période les effets bénéfiques d'une thérapie symptomatique.
Record ID 308
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