Canadian Journal of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology

Cognitice Meditation of Discourse Processing in Later Life

Author(s) Sheree T Kwong See, PhD
Ellen Bouchard Ryan, PhD
Volume 20
Number 2
Year 1996
Page(s) 109-117
Language English
Keywords aging
Abstract In this article we examine the cognitive processing basis of age differences in discourse comprehension and memory. A framework is presented which outlines the cognitive components involved in discourse processing. A review of the literature with respect to developmental differences in each of the components implicated age differences in working memory capacity, inhibitory efficiency, and processing speed as mediators of age differences in language performance. Of these three, age differences in speed of processing and inhibition may be the fundamental mediating factors.

Dans cet article, nous examinons les processus intellectuels à la base des fluctuations observées au niveau de la compréhension et de la rétention du discours chez les personnes âgées. Les auteurs proposent un cadre mettant en relief les éléments intellectuels du traitement de la conversation. Suit un examen de la documentation sur les différences de développement associées aux variations dues à l'âge des composantes de la mémoire fonctionnelle, de l'efficacité des inhibitions et de la vitesse de traitement en tant que médiateurs des fluctuations des aptitudes linguistiques attribuables au vieillissement. Des trois composantes, la rapidité du traitement et les inhibitions pourraient constitues des facteurs de médiation fondamentaux sur le plan des différences liées à l'âge.
Record ID 189
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