Canadian Journal of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology

Performance of Young, Middle-Aged, and Older Adults on Tests of Executive Function

Author(s) Angela N. Burda
Emily Andersen
Marissa Berryman
Maddisen Heun
Claire King
Tina Kise
Volume 41
Number 3
Year 2017
Page(s) 253-262
Language English
Category Research Article
Keywords executive
Abstract Information on differently aged adults’ performance on tests of executive function administered by speech-language pathologists is lacking. This potentially limits clinicians’ abilities to accurately evaluate and treat persons with cognitive impairments. The objective of this study was to determine potential differences among young, middle-aged, and older adults on 2 tests of executive function: the Behavioural Assessment of Dysexecutive Syndrome and the Functional Assessment of Verbal Reasoning and Executive Strategies. In total, 105 healthy adult participants completed both tests in this pilot study. Participants were equally divided into the following 3 age groups: Young, Middle-aged, and Older, with ages ranging from 20–88 years old. Older adults demonstrated statistically significantly lower scores compared to young and middle-aged adults on both tests. No significant performance differences were found between young and middle-aged adults. Further research is necessary to determine a definitive pattern of performance on these tests in adults across the lifespan.

L’information concernant la performance des adultes de différentes tranches d’âge à des tests évaluant les fonctions exécutives et administrés par les orthophonistes est manquante. Cette situation peut limiter la capacité des cliniciens à évaluer avec précision et à intervenir auprès de personnes ayant un trouble cognitif. L’objectif de cette étude était de déterminer les différences potentielles entre les performances des jeunes adultes, des adultes d’âge moyen et des aînés à deux tests évaluant les fonctions exécutives : le Behavioural Assessment of Dysexecutive Syndrome et le Functional Assessment of Verbal Reasoning and Executive Strategies. Au total, 105 adultes en santé ont complété les deux tests de cette étude pilote. Les participants ont été divisés en trois groupes égaux en fonction de leur âge : jeunes adultes, adultes d’âge moyen et aînés. L’âge des participants variait entre 20 et 88 ans. Les aînés ont obtenu des résultats significativement plus faibles aux deux tests comparativement aux jeunes adultes et aux adultes d’âge moyen. Aucune différence significative n’a été trouvée entre les performances des jeunes adultes et celle des adultes d’âge moyen. Des recherches supplémentaires sont nécessaires afin de déterminer les profils de performance des adultes à ces tests, et ce, aux différents âges de la vie.
Record ID 1216
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