Canadian Journal of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology

Intervention for speech production in children and adolescents: Models of speech production and therapy approaches. Introduction to the issue

Author(s) May Bernhardt
Joseph Stemberger
Monique Charest
Volume 34
Number 3
Year 2010
Page(s) 157-167
Language English
Keywords Models
phonological intervention
Abstract Although phonological intervention can be effective in the short-term (Law, Garrett & Nye, 2009), long-term normalization has been reported for only 20-50% of children (e.g., Rvachew, Chang & Evans, 2007). Furthermore, even in the short-term, not all children progress as quickly as might be hoped. Thus, it is important to continue to develop alternative approaches to intervention. The current issue describes recent studies concerning speech habilitation in children and adolescents, including an adaptation of nonlinear phonological assessment to Mandarin (Bernhardt & Zhao) and intervention approaches focusing on perception (Shiller, Rvachew & Brosseau-Lapré), discourse (Baker & McCabe) and visual feedback of tongue movements with ultrasound (Bacsfalvi). The range of approaches refl ects the complexity of the speech production system. This introductory article discusses models of speech production processing as a foundation for the approaches presented.

Les interventions phonologiques peuvent être effi caces à court terme (Law, Garrett & Nye, 2009), mais la normalisation à long terme ne se produit que chez 20 à 50 % des enfants, selon la recherche (p. ex., Rvachew, Chang & Evans, 2007). De plus, même à court terme, les enfants ne progressent pas tous aussi vite qu’on ne l’espèrerait. C’est pourquoi il est important de continuer à établir de nouvelles méthodes d’intervention. Le présent numéro compte des études récentes sur la thérapie de la parole auprès des enfants et des adolescents, y compris l’adaptation d’une évaluation phonologique non linéaire en mandarin (Bernhardt & Zhao) et des méthodes d’intervention axées sur la perception (Shiller, Rvachew & Brosseau-Lapré), le discours (Baker & McCabe) et la rétroaction visuelle des mouvements linguaux à l’aide d’ultrasons (Bacsfalvi). La diversité des axes d’intervention de ces méthodes refl ète la complexité du système de production de la parole. Cet article d’introduction examine des modèles de traitement de la production de la parole en tant que fondements des méthodes présentées.
Record ID 1026
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