Canadian Journal of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology

Habiletés langagières après un traumatisme craino-encéphalique dans l'enfance

Author(s) Natacha Trudeau, MOA
Yves Joanette, PhD
Diane Poulin-Dubois, PhD
Volume 22
Number 3
Year 1998
Page(s) 151-163
Language French
Keywords enfant
Abstract Cet article a pour objet une revue critique de la littérature portant sur les habiletés langagières des enfants ayant subi un traumatisme cranio-encéphalique (TCE). La revue proposée s’organise autour de cinq thèmes : (a) la présence de déficits langagiers après un TCE chez les enfants; (b) l’influence de la sévérité du TCE sur les séquelles observées; (c) la récupération dans cette population; (d) l’influence de l’âge sur les séquelles et sur la récupération et (e) l’impact à long terme d’un TCE subi dans l’enfance. En outre, la question d’une interaction d’un TCE avec l’acquisition subséquente d’habiletés langagières est abordée. À la lumière de cette revue, de nouveaux travaux de recherche sont proposés qui permettraient d’aborder certaines questions toujours sans réponse.

This article is meant as a critical review of existing literature on the language skills of children who have experienced traumatic brain injury (TBI). The proposed review examines five themes: (a) the presence of postTBI language deficits in children; (b) the influence of the severity of TBI on the observed after-effects; (c) recovery in this population; (d) the influence of age on the after-effects and on recovery; and, (e) the long term impact of a TBI suffered in childhood. As well, the issue of the interaction between a TBI and the subsequent acquisition of language skills is studied. Based on the results of this study, new research is proposed that would examine some issues that have still not been resolved.
Record ID 102
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