Canadian Journal of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology

Positron Emission Tomography Studies of Stuttering: Their Relationship to Our Theoretical and Clinical Understanging of the Disorder

 
Author(s) Robert M. Kroll, PhD
Luc De Nil, PhD
Volume 22
Number 4
Year 1998
Page(s) 261-270
Language English
Category
Keywords positron
emission
tomography
stuttering
function
stutter
Abstract This paper is presented as a tribute to Dr. Einer Boberg who advanced the study of stuttering through both his clinical and research contributions. The focus of the manuscript is related to how our studies of this fluency disorder utilizing functional neuroimaging techniques can shed more light on its neural substrates and the implication that these studies have concerning the clinical application of our therapeutic methods in the treatment of stuttering. The paper offers a review of both our clinical treatment methodology for stuttering as well as a synopsis
of our current findings utilizing functional neuroimaging analysis, specifically positron emission tomography (PET), to investigate differences between stuttering and nonstuttering populations during silent and oral reading tasks and in stuttering individuals before and after behavioural treatment. The PET studies reported here form part of an ongoing project aimed at investigating the neural bases of long-term changes in speech fluency in stuttering subjects.



Ce mémoire est présenté en l’honneur du Dr Einer Boberg qui a assuré l’avancement de la recherche sur le bégaiement grâce à ses contributions en clinique et par la recherche. L’accent du manuscrit est mis sur la manière dont nos recherches sur ce trouble de la fluidité en utilisant les techniques de neuroimagerie fonctionnelle peut jeter de la lumière sur ses substrats nerveux et les incidences qu’ont ces recherches sur l’application clinique de nos méthodes thérapeutiques de traitement du bégaiement. Le mémoire offre à la fois une revue de notre méthodologie de traitement clinique du bégaiement et un synopsis de nos
conclusions récentes à partir d’analyse par neuroimagerie fonctionnelle, en particulier par tomographie par émission de positrons (TEP), pour étudier les différences entre les populations bégayantes et non bégayantes au cours de séances de lecture silencieuse ou de lecture orale, ainsi que chez les bègues, avant et après le traitement du comportement. Les études TEP dont il est ici question représentent une partie d’un projet continu visant à étudier les fondements neuraux des changements à long terme de la fluidité de la parole chez
les bègues.
Record ID 94
Link http://cjslpa.ca/files/1998_JSLPA_Vol_22/No_04_206-285/Kroll_De_Nil_JSLPA_1998.pdf
 
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