Canadian Journal of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology

Storytelling from pictures using the Edmonton Narrative Norms Instrument

 
Author(s) Phyllis Schneider
Denyse Hayward
Rita Vis Dubé
Volume 30
Number 4
Year 2006
Page(s) 224-238
Language English
Category
Keywords narratives
stories
children
language
impairments
assessment
Abstract This paper describes the development of an instrument for collecting story samples and local norms, the Edmonton Narrative Norms Instrument (ENNI), and presents results of one measure of storytelling ability used with the ENNI data, story grammar units (SGU). The purpose of the present study was to examine the measure’s ability to detect developmental changes in story production and discriminate between children with and without language impairments. Participants were 377 children aged 4-9 (300 with typical development, 77 with language impairments). Each child told stories while looking at picture stimuli (with no oral model). The SGU measure revealed a significant age trend. The measure correctly classified children aged 4-8 into groups 80.8% of the time. Thus the ENNI shows promise as part of the speech-language pathologist’s battery of instruments.



Cet article décrit l’élaboration d’un instrument de collecte d’échantillons d’histoires et de normes locales, baptisé l’Edmonton Narrative Norms Instrument (ENNI). Il présente les résultats d’une mesure de capacité à conter une histoire faite à partir de l’ENNI, soit les unités de grammaire de l’histoire. Cette étude visait à examiner si cette mesure peut déceler des changements de la capacité à raconter une histoire et si elle peut faire la différence entre les enfants ayant un trouble du langage et ceux qui n’en ont pas. Elle a porté sur 377 enfants de 4 à 9 ans (300 ayant un développement type et 77 ayant un trouble). Chaque enfant a raconté des histoires à partir d’images (sans modèle oral). Les mesures d’unités de grammaire de l’histoire ont montré une tendance importante par âge. La mesure a correctement classé les enfants de 4 à 8 ans en groupes dans 80,8 % des cas. Ainsi, l’ENNI semble un outil prometteur pour le travail des orthophonistes.
Record ID 936
Link http://cjslpa.ca/files/2006_JSLPA_Vol_30/No_04_209-263/Schneider_Hayward_Dube_JSLPA_2006.pdf
 
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