Canadian Journal of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology

Productive Morphology Skills of Children with Speech Delay

 
Author(s) Susan Rvachew
B. Robin Gaines
Geneviève Cloutier
Nicole Blanchet
Volume 29
Number 2
Year 2005
Page(s) 83-93
Language English
Category
Keywords expressive
phonology
productive
morphological
skills
mean
length
of
utterance
story
retell
task
Abstract Children’s use of the plural, possessive, and regular third person singular morphemes was investigated in relation to their ability to produce the /s/ and /z/ phonemes. Twenty-three 4-year-old children with delayed expressive phonological abilities but average receptive vocabulary skills were asked to retell stories. All but 3 of the children omitted these morphemes more frequently than would be expected given their chronological age. Omission of the /s/ and /z/ phonemes occurred more frequently in inflected than uninflected words. Inclusion of the plural and third person singular morpheme was significantly correlated with mean length of utterance in words but was not significantly correlated with production accuracy for the /s/ and /z/ phonemes in uninflected words.



Une étude a été menée pour voir comment les enfants utilisaient les morphèmes marquant le pluriel, le possessif et la troisième personne du singulier en anglais. Cette recherche visait à vérifier leur capacité à produire les phonèmes /s/ et /z/. On a demandé à vingt-trois enfants de 4 ans accusant un retard des capacités de phonologie expressive mais ayant un vocabulaire correspondant à la moyenne de répéter une histoire. Tous les enfants, sauf trois, ont omis ces morphèmes plus souvent que ce à quoi on s’attendrait pour leur âge chronologique. L’omission des phonèmes /s/ et /z/ s’est produite plus fréquemment pour les mots fléchis que ceux qui n’étaient pas fléchis. L’inclusion du morphème pluriel et de la troisième personne du singulier correspondait largement à la durée médiane des énoncés en mots, mais n’était pas liée de manière significative à l’exactitude de la production des phonèmes /s/ et /z/ dans les mots non fléchis.
Record ID 904
Link http://cjslpa.ca/files/2005_JSLPA_Vol_29/No_02_65-100/Rvachew_Gaines_Cloutier_JSLPA_2005.pdf
 
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