Canadian Journal of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology

Natural Histories in Preschool Children Who Stutter

 
Author(s) Pat Wevrick, MA
Janice Marvyn, MHSc
Volume 23
Number 4
Year 1999
Page(s) 173-184
Language English
Category
Keywords case
histories
preschool
children
stuttering
history
child
stutter
Abstract This report presents a study of the case histories of 50 children whose parents initiated referral for assessment of stuttering. Two analyses were performed. Study 1 investigated whether preschool children referred for assessment of stuttering had significantly more risk factors related to birth, developmental, health, or social histories than did preschool children with normal speech and language development. Groups were matched for age, gender, and socioeconomic status. Statistically significant differences were found in the areas of development and health factors. Study 2 investigated whether preschool children diagnosed with stuttering (a subset of the referred group) had significantly more risk factors than did preschool children with normal speech and language development. Participants were matched for age, gender, socioeconomic status, and ethnic and linguistic background. A significant difference was found between the social histories of these groups. The results of these two studies highlight the value of case history information.


Ce compte rendu présente une étude des observations de cas de 50 enfants dont les parents ont amorcé le processus de recommandation d’une évaluation du bégaiement. On a fait deux analyses : L’étude 1 a vérifié si les enfants bègues d’âge préscolaire renvoyés en évaluation du bégaiement présentaient un nombre bien plus grand de facteurs de risque relativement aux observations de naissance, de développement, de santé ou sociales comparativement aux enfants d’âge préscolaire présentant un développement normal de la parole et du langage. On a apparié les groupes selon l’âge, le sexe et la situation socio-économique. On a relevé des différences statistiquement importantes au niveau des facteurs de développement et de santé. L’étude 2 a vérifié si les enfants d’âge préscolaire faisant état d’un diagnostic de bégaiement (un sous-ensemble du groupe référé) présentaient un nombre bien plus grand de facteurs de risque comparativement aux enfants d’âge préscolaire présentant un développement normal de la parole et du langage. On a apparié les participants selon l’âge, le sexe, la situation socio-économique et les caractéristiques ethniques et linguistiques. On a relevé une différence importante par rapport aux antécédents sociaux de ces groupes. Les résultats de ces deux études font valoir l’importance de l’information que procurent les observations.
Record ID 67
Link http://cjslpa.ca/files/1999_JSLPA_Vol_23/No_04_161-216/Wevrick_Mervyn_JSLPA_1999.pdf
 
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