Canadian Journal of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology

Judgments of Phoneme Errors Under Four Modes of Audio-visual Presentation

 
Author(s) James C McNutt
Linda Wicki
Judith Paulsen
Volume 15
Number 3
Year 1991
Page(s) 37-42
Language English
Category
Keywords Phoneme
error
phonetic
transcription
variance
Abstract The purpose of this investigation was to examine the reliability of judgments of phoneme errors between two modes of recorded stimulus presentation (audio and video) under two conditions (soundfield and headphones). The number of judged phoneme errors were found to be related to the phoneme itself as well as to the audio-visual mode of presentation. Overall, the use of video presentations resulted in fewer judged phoneme errors and less variance, while the use of the audio mode resulted in a greater number of judged phoneme errors and greater variance. No significant differences were found between the headphone and soundfield conditions for either audio or video presentations.


Cette enquête a pour objet d'étudier la fiabilité des jugements sur des erreurs phonémiques faites à cause de deux modes d'enregistrement (champ sonore et avec des casques à écouteurs). Le nombre d'erreurs phonémiques jugées a été relié tant au phonème lui-même qu'au mode de présentation audiovisuelle. Dans l'ensemble, l'utilisation de présentations vidéos a suscité moins d'erreurs phonémiques jugées et moins d'écarts, tandis que l'utilisation du mode audio a provoqué un plus grand nombre d'erreurs phonémiques jugées et un plus grand écart. On a constaté aucune différence significative entre la condition du casque à écouteurs et le champ sonore pour les présentations audios et vidéos.
Record ID 397
Link http://cjslpa.ca/files/1991_JSLPA_Vol_15/No_03_1-58/McNutt_Wicki_Paulsen_JSLPA_1991.pdf
 
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