Canadian Journal of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology

Socioeconomic Influences on Children's Language Acquisition

 
Author(s) C. Melanie Schuele
Volume 25
Number 2
Year 2001
Page(s) 77-88
Language English
Category
Keywords language
acquisition
socioeconomic
status
intervention
socio-economic
Abstract Decreased language ability has been implicated as a factor in the lower academic achievement of children from lower socioeconomic status (SES) families as compared to children from middle or more advantaged socioeconomic families. Although for most children this decreased language ability does not result in a clinical diagnosis of language impairment, a need for specialized language intervention is apparent. This intervention is aimed at facilitating language growth so as to lessen the risk these children have for academic underachievement. Speech-language pathologists generally have not been part of these intervention efforts with lower SES children. In this paper, research on SES and language acquisition is reviewed and the role of SLPs in optimizing language outcomes for all children is discussed.



La diminution des aptitudes linguistiques est montrée du doigt comme un facteur expliquant la baisse du niveau scolaire chez les enfants provenant de familles de niveau socioéconomique inférieur comparativement aux enfants issus de familles de classe moyenne ou mieux nanties. Même si cette situation ne se traduit pas pour la plupart des enfants par un diagnostic clinique de trouble du langage, le besoin d’intervention spécialisée n’en est pas moins évident. Ce genre d’intervention vise à faciliter l’évolution du langage et à réduire le risque d’insuffisance scolaire. Les orthophonistes n’ont traditionnellement pas été inclus dans ces efforts auprès des enfants issus des classes inférieures. La présente étude passe en revue les recherches portant sur le statut socioéconomique et l’acquisition du langage en plus de discuter du rôle des orthophonistes pour favoriser le meilleur développement linguistique des enfants.
Record ID 34
Link http://cjslpa.ca/files/2001_JSLPA_Vol_25/No_02_41-124/Schuele_JSLPA_2001.pdf
 
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