Canadian Journal of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology

The Effectiveness of Repair Strategy Intervention with a Hearing-Impaired Adult

 
Author(s) Crysta L Gibson
Rachel Caissie
Volume 18
Number 1
Year 1994
Page(s) 14-22
Language English
Category
Keywords aural
rehabilitation
repair
strategies
communication
strategy
Abstract This study investigated the effectiveness of an aural rehabilitation program on a hearing-impaired adult's management of communication breakdowns through effective usage of repair strategies in natural conversations with a normally hearing partner. A second hearing-impaired subject who did not receive intervention served as a control. One pre-therapy and two post-therapy videotaped conversational samples between each hearing-impaired adult and the normally hearing partner were collected. Conversations were analyzed for the occurrence of repaired and unrepaired communication breakdowns, nonspecific versus specific requests for clarification, and types of responses provided by the partner. About 30% of the communication breakdowns experienced by each subject prior to intervention were not repaired. Following communication therapy, the intervention subject left fewer breakdowns unrepaired and increased her usage of specific requests for clarification was noted for the intervention subject, not all types of specific requests introduced in therapy were used in conversation. Also of interest was the observation that changes in the partner's use of repair strategies were exhibited only with the intervention subject.

On a tenté de voir avec quelle efficacité un programme de réadaptation auditive permettait à un malentendant adulte de rétablir la communication par l'usage des diverses techniques apprises, au cours d'une conversation normale avec un partenaire entendant. On a utilsé comme témoin un second malentendant qui n'avait bénéicié d'aucune intervention. Pour l'analyse, on a enregistré des bribes de conversation sur bande vidéo ebtre chaque malentendant et son partenaire entandant avant (un échantillon) et aprés le traitment (deux échantillons). On a analyséles conversations selon la fréquence de rétablissement ou non de la communication, au moyen d'éclaircissements spécifiquement ou non réclamés, et le genre de réponses offertes par le partenaire. Avant l'intervention, environ 30p.100 des coupures de communication n'étaient pas rétablies. Suite à l'intervention, le sujet a laissé passer un moins grand nombre de ruptures de communcation et a plus souvent demandé des éclaircissements, contrairement au témoin. Bien qu'on air relevé une augmentation de nombre de demandes d'éclaircisssement précises formulées par le sujet qui avait bénéficié de l'intervention, ce dernier n'a pas exploité toutes les stratégies apprises durant le traitment. Un autre aspect intéressant est que le partenaire n'a modifié son usage des techniques de rétablissement de la communcation qu'avec le sujet qui avait fait l'objet de l'intervention.
Record ID 270
Link http://cjslpa.ca/files/1994_JSLPA_Vol_18/No_01_1-77/Gibson_Caissie_JSLPA_1994.pdf
 
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