Canadian Journal of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology

Nasometric Values For Three Dialectal Groups Within The Atlantic Provinces of Canada

 
Author(s) Mary Lou Kavanagh
E. Jane Fee
Joseph Kalinowski
Philip C Doyle
Herbert A Leeper
Volume 18
Number 1
Year 1994
Page(s) 7-13
Language English
Category
Keywords nasalance
score
dialect
difference
Abstract The purpose of this study was to obtain normative nasalance scores (the ratio of nasal and nasal-plus-oral acoustic energy) for adult speakers from three dialetal regions within the Atlantic Provinces of Canada: Moncton, New Brunswick, St. John's, Newfoundland, and Halifax, Nova Scotia. Further objectives were to determione if differences in nasalance scores simialr to those observed by Seaver et al. (1991) (I.e., region and gender) exist, and to determine if Nasometer placements or number of reading trials influenced nasalance scores. Results showed no significant differences for nasalance scores between the three dialect groups, between males and females, before and after replacement of the Nasometer, or after repeated trials, with exception of the Nasal Sentences Passage. These results suggest that the influence of dialectal differences upon nasalance scores is negligible for the three Canadian dialects studied.

Cette étude avait pour but d'établir une valeur <> normatives (rapport entre l'énergie nasale plus l'énergie nasale plus l'énergie orale) pour des orateurs adultes des trois régions dialecticales des provinces de l'Atlantique, soit Moncton (Nouveau-Brunswick), St. John's ((Terre-Neuve) et Halifax (Nouvelle-Écosse). Elle devait aussi déterminer si des variations des valeaurs <>, comme celle rapportées par Seaver et ses collaborateurs (1991) (à savoir, selon la région et le sexe), existent réellement, et établir si l'emplacement du nasométre ou le nombre de relevés modifient les valeurs obtenues. Les résultats ne révélent aucune variation significative des valeurs <> pour les trois groupes dialecticaux entre les hommes et les femmes, avant et aprés remplacement du nasométre ou au terme de plusieurs essais, sauf en ce qui concerne le passage nasal des phrases. Ces résultats donnent à penser que les différences dialecticales one une influence négligeable sur les valeurs <> pour les trois dialects do Canada examinés.
Record ID 269
Link http://cjslpa.ca/files/1994_JSLPA_Vol_18/No_01_1-77/Kavanagh_Fee_Kalinowski_JSLPA_1994.pdf
 
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