Lynn C. Brewster, MS
Elizabeth Fitzpatrick, MSc
|Abstract||This article provides a review of cochlear implant services for children in Canada. Currently there are nine paediatric cochlear implant centres, seven of which provide cochlear implant surgery. The results of the survey completed in December, 1994 are presented. Information related to candidacy, nember of children implanted, expectations, and habilitation services are reported. Coclear implants have become accepted as a viable option for children who have profound hearing loss and who derive little benefit from conventional amplification (Canadian Association of Speech Language Pathologists and Audiologists Position Paper, 1995). In June 1990, the United States Food and Drug Administration approved the use of the Nucleus-22 channel cochlear implant sevice with children. Since then, the number of children implanted worldwide has increased dramatically. In Canada, cochlear implants have been used in adults and children since the 1980's. The availablity of implants and program funding have varied widely from province to province. Currently, the majority of cochlear implant programs are funded entirely or partially by provincial governments. There are currently seven hospitals performing coclear implant surgery in children in Canada. Two other implant programs carry out pre- and post- implant intervention, but do not include a surgery component. The purpose of this article is to describe some of the services offered by these programs and to provide some of the demographics for choldren in Canada who have received cochlear implants.|
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