Canadian Journal of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology

Identification visuelle et catégorisation de consonnes en français québécois

 
Author(s) Benoît Jutras, MOA
Jean-Pierre Gagné, PhD
Michel Picard, PhD
Julie Roy, MOA
Volume 22
Number 2
Year 1998
Page(s) 81-87
Language French
Category
Keywords perception
visuelle
parole
lecture
labiale
Abstract L'objectif de la présente étude est d'établir les catégories de consonnes qui forment les visèmes du français parlé au Québec. À cet effet, nous avons élaboré trois versions d'un test de reconnaissance de visèmes à partir des 17 consonnes du français parlé au Québec. Deux locutrices ont produit ces consonnes à l'intérieur d'une structure syllabique de type (a-C-a) conduisant à la création de deux tests. Chaque test est constitué de 85 éléments (5 présentations des 17 consonnes réparties de façon aléatoire). Quarante-six participants ayant une acuité auditive normale ont participé à l'étude. Les résultats ont démontré que le nombre de visèmes varie d'une locutrice à l'autre. La production de la Locutrice 1 a permis de former six visèmes tandis que celles de la Locutrice 2 en a créé sept, dont un indépendant (/r/). Les visèmes /p, b, m/, /f, v/, /S, J/ et /s, z/ sont communs aux deux locutrices. La présente étude est une première étape vers l'élaboration d'un test clinique de reconnaissance de visèmes.



The goal of this study is to categorise the consonants that form the visemes of the French spoken in Québec. To this end, we've developed three versions of a viseme recognition test based on the 17 consonants of Québec French. Two female speakers produced these consonants within a (a-C-a)-type syllabic structure, which led to the creation of two tests. Each test is composed of 85 elements (5 presentations of the 17 consonants, randomly distributed). Forty six participants with normal hearing participated in the study. The results showed that the number of visemes varied from one female speaker to the other. Speaker One produced six visemes while Speaker Two produced seven, one being an independent (/r/). Visemes /p,b,m/, /f, V/, /S, J/ and /s, z/ were common to both speakers. This study is a first step towards the development of a clinical test for viseme recognition.
Record ID 111
Link http://cjslpa.ca/files/1998_JSLPA_Vol_22/No_02_57-121/Jutras_Gagne_Picard_JSLPA_1998.pdf
 
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