Canadian Journal of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology

University Students’ Familiarity with Famous People Who Stutter

 
Author(s) Jianliang Zhang
Tim Saltuklaroglu
Daniel Hudock
Joseph Kalinowski
Volume 35
Number 1
Year 2011
Page(s) 40-44
Language English
Category
Keywords stuttering
social
awareness
and
stereotypical
perception
Abstract Historical and contemporary famous people who stutter (PWS) are oftentimes used by stuttering support groups in their public awareness campaigns. A prerequisite for this strategy to work is that these famous PWS can be recognized by the general public. The current study examined university students’ familiarity with these famous PWS. A 30-item multiple-choice questionnaire was devised. Each item consisted of grey-scale facial profi les and names of one PWS and three fl uent contemporaries. Sixty-nine university students (mean age = 23.25) were asked to distinguish the PWS from their fl uent contemporaries in each item. The famous PWS, as a group, could not be correctly identifi ed by university students. Only two students did better than chance, and only fi ve famous PWS were singled out from their fl uent contemporaries. Most of the famous PWS were not recognized as such. The possible pitfalls of using them as role models are discussed together with potential alternatives.

Les groupes de soutien pour personnes souffrant de bégaiement utilisent souvent des célébrités historiques et contemporaines qui bégaient dans les campagnes de sensibilisation du public. Afi n que cette stratégie fonctionne, il faut que ces célébrités qui bégaient soient connues du grand public. La présente étude a sondé la connaissance des étudiants universitaires de ces célébrités qui bégaient. Un questionnaire de 30 questions à choix multiples a été créé. On retrouvait à chaque question quatre profi ls de visage de personnalités contemporaines ainsi que leur nom : une qui bégaie et trois qui sont fl uentes. Nous avons demandé à soixante-neuf étudiants universitaires (moyenne d’âge de 23,25) d’identifi er la personnalité qui bégaie à chaque question. Les célébrités qui bégaient, comme groupe, n’ont pu être identifi ées par les élèves. Seulement deux étudiants ont réussi à identifi er un total de cinq personnes connues qui bégaient. La plupart des célébrités qui bégaient n’ont pas été identifi ées. Nous discutons ici des obstacles potentiels à les utiliser comme icônes ainsi que d’autres options à considérer.
Record ID 1060
Link http://cjslpa.ca/files/2011_CJSLPA_Vol_35/No_01_1-102/zhang_saltuklaroglu_hudoc_kalinowski_CJSLPA_2011.pdf
 
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