Canadian Journal of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology

Use of a Dual-Task Paradigm to Measure Listening Effort

 
Author(s) Penny Anderson Gosselin
Jean-Pierre Gagné
Volume 34
Number 1
Year 2010
Page(s) 43-50
Language English
Category
Keywords listening
effort
dual-task
paradigm
cognition
aging
speech
perception
hearing
loss
aids
rehabilitation
Abstract Listening effort is an important dimension of speech understanding. Despite the fact that a significant amount of speech understanding involves cognitive processes, much of clinical audiology remains focused on assessing the auditory periphery. As speakers age, their sensory, perceptual and cognitive functions decline. It has been speculated that older adults exert increased listening effort compared to younger adults but this effect is still poorly understood. Listening effort refers to the attention and cognitive resources required to understand speech. Listening effort can be evaluated indirectly in clinical practice through self-report, or it can be quantifi ed more objectively using a dual-task paradigm. This paper emphasizes the importance of measuring listening effort and reviews the literature. The review focuses on dual task paradigms which have been used to investigate the effort related to understanding speech. The paper concludes with a discussion of the clinical importance of measuring listening effort.

L’attention auditive est une dimension importante de la compréhension de la parole. Même si la compréhension de la parole repose essentiellement sur des processus cognitifs, l’audiologie clinique se concentre en grande partie sur l’évaluation de la périphérie auditive. En vieillissant, les fonctions sensorielles, perceptives et cognitives des locuteurs diminuent. Il a été spéculé que les adultes plus âgés se fatiguent davantage lorsqu’ils doivent faire preuve d’une plus grande attention auditive comparativement aux adultes plus jeunes, mais cette hypothèse quant aux effets de l’âge est encore mal compris. L’attention auditive désigne l’attention et les ressources cognitives nécessaires pour comprendre la parole. Cet effort peut être évalué indirectement en pratique clinique à l’aide d’une auto-évaluation, ou il peut être quantifi é de façon plus objective en utilisant un paradigme de double tâche. Cet article met l’accent sur l’importance de mesurer l’attention auditive et passe en revue la littérature. La présente revue est axée sur les paradigmes de double tâche qui ont été utilisés pour étudier l’attention liée à la compréhension de la parole. L’article se termine par une discussion sur l’importance clinique de mesurer l’attention auditive.
Record ID 1000
Link http://cjslpa.ca/files/2010_CJSLPA_Vol_34/No_01_1-80/Gosselin_Gagne_CJSLPA_2010.pdf
 
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